Tuesday, August 28, 2007

Actors and Others Ignore the Obvious

A recent op-ed in the LA Daily News by Sue Taylor of Actors and Others for Animals is perplexing in its blanket criticisms of LA Animal Services.

Ms. Taylor calls adopting animals “irrelevant” to the City’s mission to end euthanasia as a means of controlling pet overpopulation. This is incomprehensible from any reasonable perspective. She then attempts to conjure up the image of the “Titanic” as a metaphor for the state of LA Animal Services, ignoring the fact that the City’s euthanasia rate for dogs and cats shows one of the sharpest declines of any major City in the US, 50% over the past six years! And in a recent comparison study of many US communities, LA City placed fifth in the nation, just behind the much praised San Francisco!

While Ms. Taylor admits the “increased adoption and reduced euthanasia numbers look encouraging” she then takes great pains to disparage these extraordinary results.

“Most days,” she says, “only one animal-control officer is in the field per shelter district, and not picking up strays and loose running dogs.”

Animal Control Officers do in fact pick up lost and homeless dogs, as well as investigate animal cruelty and neglect, and much more. In fact, rarely is a district found with only one officer on duty during the day. While it may happen on occasion due to illness or injuries, this is an anomaly that we are working diligently to remedy.

Ms. Taylor is exaggerating when she states “Shelters don't respond to the majority of calls for assistance” such as when “someone reports a dog that has clearly been abandoned in a park or other public place.” In fact, abandonment calls are a priority and we try to respond to them as we do to all calls. At some times we do better than at others, but we’re always striving to improve.

Ms. Taylor then finds fault with a department policy, originally authored by the Animal Services Commission, to “discourage” an owner attempting to turn in a pet. While “discourage” is a strong word, the department does believe in helping owners find alternative solutions to resolve pet problems in the hope of making pet relinquishment a last resort - as it should be. Most pet guardians appreciate the information we provide.

Incidentally, after criticizing the department for discouraging owner relinquishment, she then praises rescue organizations for doing the same thing, stating that their “efforts are a good thing… attempting to help direct owner-relinquished pets to never reach the shelters.” Commendable indeed; but why does Ms. Taylor find it less commendable when LA Animal Services attempts to offer alternative life-saving solutions to relinquishment?

Ms. Taylor then accuses Animal Services of deliberately putting aggressive dogs “in kennel runs with frightened, docile animals” She claims, “this happens so frequently that the department's medical expenditures have skyrocketed in recent years from sewing up helpless dogs.”

It is pure fiction to allege that “skyrocketing” medical expenditures can be attributed to a proliferation of kennel injuries. The department does have increased medical expenditures, but they actually reflect the department’s growing commitment to providing the best care possible to animals in our shelters.

Ms. Taylor goes on to say, “The biggest release valve for reducing shelter overpopulation - and the primary reason for the adoption increases and euthanasia-rate drops - are the rescue organizations that take hundreds of dogs and cats from shelters, then feed, house and attempt to place the animals.”

She is partly correct. LA Animal Services has always acknowledged the extraordinary efforts of our over 120 New Hope partners to save lives. Animal Services is so committed to their efforts that we provide them with 24 hour/seven-day-a-week access to our Centers so they can come in at any time to evaluate animals in need. We have New Hope Coordinators in each Center who serve as “personal shoppers” for our partners alerting them to animals they may be interested in. We provide all animals from our Green and Red Alert lists at no cost to our New Hope partners and we pay for the spay/neuter surgery, microchip, vaccinations, and medical care up until the time of release (another reason for increased medical expenditures).

What other shelter system works so hard to help their partner organizations save lives? We will even transport animals when necessary to assist our partners. These efforts result in nearly 6,000 dogs and cats placed by our New Hope partners each year. This is in addition to the over 15,000 adoptions LA Animal Services facilitates directly and the nearly 4,500 lost pets returned to their frantic owners by the department each year.

Ms. Taylor, in a desperate attempt to create her own reality, resorts to reverse psychology, stating, “In the parallel universe of public relations, where Boks and Villaraigosa apparently reside, everything is swell and getting better all the time. But the city of Los Angeles has in no way solved its pet overpopulation problem.”

True, we haven’t solved it, but here Ms. Taylor overlooks the biggest contribution the City of Los Angeles has made to help solve the pet overpopulation problem. That would be the $1.2 million annual commitment to provide spay/neuter services to the pets of our community’s needy pet guardians, the ongoing creation of seven spay/neuter clinics, the sponsoring of AB 1634 (Levine) and a local spay/neuter ordinance. No other city in the United States has done as much on as many fronts to address the pet overpopulation problem. Ms. Taylor herself has worked closely with us on this issue, and we thank her.

So, Ms. Taylor appears to ignore all the hard work that has been done over the past five years, instead encouraging the humane community and the department to continue to throw stones at each other. (Unfortunately that is something “humane” Angelenos have seemed more than ready to do over the years.) However, despite Ms. Taylor’s assertions, the real world facts are promising. Six years ago, LA was killing nearly 35,000 dogs and cats. (Ten years ago it was 50,000 or more.) The number over the past twelve months is 16,500. Despite the challenges we continue to face, is it really fair to say that things are not getting better?

Take a look at this website to see exactly how well the City of Los Angeles is doing compared to the rest of the nation: http://www.laanimalservices.com/PDF/reports/2007%20National%20Stats%20direct%20comparison.pdf

Monday, August 27, 2007

The Search for Contentment...

In an article by respected LA Daily News reporter Rick Orlov, in the August 27th edition, he stated there are "signs of discontent" with Animal Services. This "discontent" is demonstrated, he claims, by "the number of workers who have left Boks' department. The department has 69 vacancies among its budgeted staff of 300 - a significant gap usually not seen in government agencies."

Mr. Orlov is mistaken. The department actually has 434 budgeted positions. Yes, we currently have 69 vacancies. However, we are extending 20 job offers this week as scheduled to accommodate the opening of our new West Valley and West LA Animal Care Centers in September and October. It would not have made sense to fill these vacancies any sooner. This leaves 49 vacancies to accomodate the new North East Valley Center which is still under construction! It would not make sense to fill these positions at this time either. In fact, there is not a significant vacancy rate within Animal Services and we are on schedule to hire appropriate staffing during a time of unprecedented department growth.

It is curious that the same people who once critized the department for poor staff quality, demanding that certain "people should be fired!" are now using staff departures and turnover as a new way to critize the department. But as usual, they continue to get it wrong. In fact, LA Animal Services experienced a 7.5% turnover rate over the past fiscal year. Low by any standards.

Orlov goes on to cite a "snit" with LA county animal control as a further demonstration of "discontent". The "snit" was the result of LA County animal control providing the City four sets of ever increasing adoption numbers while we conducted our due diligence. Their latest number mysteriously claimed an increase in their adoption numbers by over 6,000. This number was not released until the day after the City’s announcement that LA Animal Services is the number one pet adoption agency in the nation. Lacking any credible documentation to substantiate the County's claim, it was quickly dismissed.

To avoid such confusion in the future, I challenge LA County to post and update their numbers every month as LA Animal Services does. LA Animal Services was recognized in 2006 by the Maddies’ Foundation for "Transparency", i.e., the ready availability of information to the public. Of the over 5200 animal control departments in the United States and the tens of thousands humane societies and animal welfare organizations, Maddie's identified only five organizations for their transparency. LA Animal Services was at the top of the list and was the only municipal program recognized.

One of the reasons for this recognition is LA Animal Services' willingness to post its statistics on-line. Animal Services shares Maddie's philosophy that transparency "will ultimately help save more lives," and that by our example "other organizations will see the true merit of moving in this direction, and that transparency will become commonplace in the very near future."

Lastly, Orlov refers to activists’ suspicions concerning adoption numbers. I can only speak for the numbers achieved by LA Animal Services that are posted and updated monthly. They are incontrovertible and can always be found at: ttp://www.laanimalservices.com/about_stats.htm.

Thursday, August 16, 2007

U.S. shelter killing toll drops to 3.7 million dogs & cats: An analyis by Merritt Clifton

U.S. animal shelters as of mid-2007 are killing fewer dogs and cats than at any time in at least the past 37 years, according to the 15th annual ANIMAL PEOPLE evaluation of the most recent available shelter data.

The rate of shelter killing per 1,000 Americans, now at 12.5, is the lowest since data collected by John Marbanks in 1947-1950 suggested a rate of about 135--at a time when animal control in much of the U.S. was still handled by private contractors, who often simply killed strays or sold them to laboratories instead of taking them to shelters, and unwanted puppies and kittens were frequently drowned.

The ANIMAL PEOPLE projection each year is based on compilations of the tolls from every open admission shelter handling significant numbers of animals in specific cities, counties, or states. The sample base each year is proportionately weighted to ensure regional balance. Only data from the preceding three fiscal years is included.

Using a three-year rolling projection tends to level out flukes that might result from including different cities, counties, and states each year, but has the disadvantage of sometimes not showing significant changes in trends until a year or two after they start. Thus the effects of the post-2001 slump in funding for dog and cat sterilization programs only became evident in 2004. Comparably, trends involving Internet-assisted adoption, adoption transport, feral cats and pit bull terriers that were just gathering momentum in 2004 are major influences on the 2007 findings.

As of 2004, about a third of all U.S. dog and cat adoptions were believed to be Internet-assisted, via web sites where animals' photographs and descriptions are posted. Anecdotally, at least two thirds of adoptions are Internet-assisted today, with dogs benefitting most, since dog adopters are more likely to be seeking a specific breed or mix, who may be readily found only through web-searching. Adoption transport also chiefly benefits dogs, since cats are still abundant in all parts of the U.S., but small dogs, puppies, and purebreds are relatively scarce in shelters along both coasts and in the northern Midwest.

Soaring shelter receipts of pit bull terriers in 2001-2004 outpaced progress in sterilizing feral cats, causing total shelter killing to soar by the end of 2004 to the highest level since 1997. For the first and only time since ANIMAL PEOPLE began quantifying shelter killing, more dogs were killed in 2004 than cats. The 1997 toll was 53% cats, 47% dogs, about the same balance as had prevailed since the mid-1980s, but the 2004 toll was reversed, at 47% cats, 53% dogs. [Boks: In LA it is 65% cats and 35% dogs.]

About half of the dogs who were killed in 2004 were pit bull terriers, ANIMAL PEOPLE confirmed by surveying shelter directors in 23 representative metropolitan areas.

Salathia Bryant of the Houston Chronicle was shocked in February 2007 to discover that local shelter intakes of pit bulls had increased from 5% of all dogs in 2000 to 15% in 2002 and 27% in 2006. Actually this was right on the national norms found by ANIMAL PEOPLE nearly two years earlier.

Los Angeles residents were shocked in June 2007 when Department of Animal Regulation chief Ed Boks lamented that 40% of the dogs who were killed in the city shelters during the preceding year were pit bulls. Yet as many as 70% of the dogs killed in some other major cities are pit bulls--who are reportedly 65% of the animal control dog intake in Milwaukee, and may account for more than two-thirds of the dog intake in Detroit and Philadelphia.

While pit bull intake has not slowed down since 2004, and appears to be still rising, the total canine death toll in U.S. shelters has fallen by more than 750,000 since 2004, with pit bulls the main beneficiaries.

Increasing use of standardized temperament tests to determine whether dogs are safe for adoption appears to be driving the change. Traditionally, behavioral suitability for adoption tended to be judged from anecdotal assessments by animal control officers, kennel workers, and people who surrendered animals to shelters. Relatively few shelters ever categorically refused to adopt out pit bulls and other breeds of dog who are considered high-risk, though some did and still do, but the breeds of dogs tended to weigh heavily, if not always consciously, in the judgments.

When most shelters were killing a relatively high percentage of the dogs received, and no one breed predominated, this was not an issue. As pit bulls came to disproportionately fill shelters, however, concern about "breed discrimination" on the one hand and soaring liability insurance costs on the other caused shelter directors to seek ways to support their decisions. Standardized temperament tests offer shelters a way to explain in relatively objective terms why a particular dog may be unsuitable for adoption, and to adopt out some pit bulls with confidence that the adoptions will succeed.

Whether temperament tests really prevent dog attacks and liability is still a matter of debate, with several relevant court cases pending. ANIMAL PEOPLE in January/February 2002 published data suggesting that the breed-specific patterns of fatal and disfiguring attacks among dogs who have cleared behavioral screening are the same as among all dogs.

However, though pit bulls tend to flunk the most popular standardized behavioral tests more often than any other breed, enough pit bulls pass that they have become the breed most often adopted in New York City and Los Angeles. Despite several high-profile failures of pit bull adoption programs in the 1990s, many other cities are now trying similar approaches, based on checklists of behavior that can be taken into a courtroom more persuasively than the intuitive and subjective opinions of animal handlers. [Boks: please visit http://www.laanimalservices.com/aboutani_pitbulls.htm for more information on pit bull temperament that varies from ANIMAL PEOPLES’ analysis.]

Currently, U.S. shelters kill about 1.4 million dogs per year, including about 750,000 pit bulls and close mixes of pit bull. [Boks: In the City of LA we kill about 6000 dogs annually of which about 2,300 are pit bull/mixes.]

While fewer pit bulls are dying in U.S. shelters, the cat toll is rising again for the first time since neuter/return feral cat control caught on in 1991-1992. Across the U.S., the shelter toll is now 63% cats, 37% dogs--the most lopsided that it has ever been. [Boks: In the City of LA our cat intake is 45% and dog intake is 55%.]

Tweety and Sylvester

The 2006 projected total of 2.3 million cats killed in shelters represents an increase of about 300,000 from the level of the preceding several years. [Boks: In the City of LA we decreased cat euthanasia every year for the past six years. 28% decrease in cat deaths over the past six years with a 13% decrease over just the past twelve months.]

Yet this is not because there are more cats at large. Repeatedly applying various different yardsticks to measure the U.S. feral cat population, including shelter data, road-kill counts, and surveys of cat feeders, ANIMAL PEOPLE has found since 2003 that the projections consistently converge on estimates of about six million feral cats at large in the dead of winter, with about twice that many after the early summer peak of "kitten season." This is down by more than 75% from the feral cat population of circa 1990, which was up by about a third from the total indicated in the studies done by John Marbanks in 1947-1950.

Data collected for the National Council on Pet Population Study indicates that the U.S. pet cat population has not reproduced in excess of self-replacement since approximately 1994. The marked increase in the U.S. pet cat population over this time, from just over 60 million to about 90 million, has been driven by adoptions of feral cats--mostly feral-born kittens. Kitten removals from the feral population, together with neuter/return, has reduced feral cat reproductive capacity to substantially less than replacement. Taking feral cats' places are other mid-sized predators including growing populations of urban and suburban coyotes, foxes, bobcats, hawks, owls, and eagles.

But intolerance of free-roaming cats, especially feral cats, is the longtime official policy of all U.S. federal government agencies, as well as many state agencies responsible for managing property where feral cats formerly dwelled. Under intense pressure from birders and conservationists trying to save endangered species of birds and small mammals, federal and state agencies have intensified efforts to extirpate feral cats.

Organized opposition to neuter/return feral cat management before 2003 came chiefly from the Humane Society of the U.S. and PETA, which held that feral cats were suffering and should therefore be killed to end their misery, and the American Bird Conservancy, a relatively small organization that originated as a project of the World Wildlife Fund. Soon thereafter, HSUS adopted policies favoring carefully managed neuter/return--but in April 2003 the National Wildlife Federation membership magazine National Wildlife came out strongly against neuter/return. Only The Nature Conservancy, whose policy is to extirpate all nonnative species from their land holdings if possible, has more influence among U.S. wildlife policymakers.

Feral cat colony caretakers have often not helped their cause by maintaining colonies near sensitive wildlife habitats, and by not sterilizing enough cats, fast enough, to reduce the visible population to none within the three-to-five-year average lifespan of a feral cat who survives kittenhood.

Cape May, New Jersey, for example, has had an active neuter/return network since 1992, encouraged by animal control chief John Queenan. ANIMAL PEOPLE mentioned the Cape May project as a model for other communities in 1993. But Cape May is perhaps the most frequented resting and feeding area for migratory birds along the entire Atlantic flyway. Many visiting species are in decline, including the tiny red knot, which flies each year all the way from the Antarctic to the Arctic and back. Cape May is also among the nesting habitats of the endangered piping plover.

The Cape May economy is driven by birders' visits. When Cape May still had an estimated 500 feral cats in 2003, ten years into the neuter/return program, the city allowed neuter/return advocates to maintain 10 cat feeding stations and weather shelters, but the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service began demanding that feral cat feeding be ended.

Many cats were removed from sensitive areas and housed in two trailers, one belonging to Cape May Animal Control and the other to Animal Outreach of Cape May County, the primary local cat rescue group since 1995. On May 19, 2007, however, the trailers caught fire, killing 37 cats. Cape May is currently considering withdrawing support for neuter/return and prohibiting feeding cats outdoors.

A similar situation may have a happier outcome on Big Pine Key, Florida, home of the endangered Hefner rabbit, Sylivilagus palustris hefneri. The rabbit was named for Playboy magazine founder Hugh Hefner after he funded the study that put it on the U.S. endangered species list more than 20 years ago. Blaming feral cats for a catastrophic collapse in rabbit numbers at the National Key Deer Refuge, refuge manager Anne Morkill in June 2007 announced that the cats would be trapped and taken to animal control shelters, where they would probably be killed. Hefner then donated $5,000 to Stand Up For Animals, whose founder, Linda Gottwald, told Stephanie Garry of the St. Petersburg Times that she would use the funding to sterilize and relocate as many of the cats as possible.

Among the regional variations of note in the 2007 ANIMAL PEOPLE roundup of shelter killing data are that the dog/cat balance is 72/28 in the Northeast, 65/35 in the Midwest, 63/35 in the Mid-Atlantic region, and 60/40 along the West Coast, but is 54/46 in the South, where intakes and killing of both dogs and cats are highest. Among the possible explanations are that Southern animal control agencies may put more emphasis on picking up dogs, and that communities with more dogs at large tend to have fewer feral cats.

Virginia and Florida data, however, more resembles the data from the rest of the U.S., reflecting the demographic influences of Washington D.C. and migration to Florida from other parts of the country.

Midwest progress

The Midwest has made the most impressive recent gains, almost catching up to the West Coast in reduction of dog and cat overpopulation through high-volume low-cost sterilization. Many of the most ambitious dog-and-cat sterilization projects started within the past decade are in the Midwest, including Pets Are Worth Saving, founded by Paula Fasseas in Chicago, and the Foundation Against Companion Animal Euthanasia, founded by Scott Robinson, M.D., in Indianapolis.

A global veterinary shortage is especially acute in the Midwest, where organizations including the Michigan Humane Society, based in Detroit, and M'Shoogy's Animal Rescue, near Kansas City, have at times had to cut back services simply because they could not find vets to fill their open positions. [Boks: LA critics find fault with local veterinary shortages not recognizing this is a national crisis. Not withstanding, Animal Services has significantly rebuilt its medical program and has four outstanding veterinarians on staff and more applying all the time.]

The same problem afflicts the Appalachian states, where progress achieved in the 1990s has largely been lost, most markedly in Knoxville. Handling both city and county animal control sheltering out of a World War II-vintage Quonset hut, and operating a major local dog and cat sterilization program, the Humane Society of the Tennessee Valley had reduced shelter killing to 24.5 dogs and cats per 1,000 humans by 1999--well above the then-national average of 16.6, but among the best records in the South.

A coalition of local no-kill rescue groups then convinced Knoxville officials that a city-and-county-run shelter working cooperatively with them could operate on less money and save more animals. ANIMAL PEOPLE warned at the time that Knoxville could not realistically try to achieve no-kill sheltering until the animal control intake volume fell by at least half. Instead of lowering the shelter toll, the first five years of animal control under the new agency saw shelter killing increase by 22%.

Regions quit counting

A frustrating aspect of the 2007 ANIMAL PEOPLE shelter toll analysis is that while we received enough data from both the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions to project reliable totals and trends by comparison to past data, including the dog/cat balance, no individual or agency relayed complete enough new data from cities other than New York City and Philadelphia--the biggest cities in those regions--for us to list totals for any others.

This is markedly different from the first years of our annual updates, when the most complete counts we received were from the New England states, New York, New Jersey, and Maryland.

As shelter killing rates in those states have stabilized at very low levels, many of the agencies that formerly collected shelter tolls appear to have refocused on collecting information about adoption transport programs, a very small part of shelter activity 15 years ago, but now the source of half or more of the animals many shelters offer for adoption.
--Merritt Clifton

[Boks: Visit http://www.laanimalservices.com/about_stats.htm for two comparisons of national shelter killing stats. Click on 2007 National Stats or 2007 National Stats Direct Comparison.]

[ANIMAL PEOPLE is the leading independent newspaper providing original investigative coverage of animal protection worldwide, founded in 1992. Their readership of 30,000-plus includes the decision-makers at more than 10,000 animal protection organizations. They have no alignment or affiliation with any other entity. E-mail: anmlpepl@whidbey.com Web: www.animalpeoplenews.org $24/year; for free sample, send address.]

Wednesday, August 08, 2007

Beyond Vick: Animal Cruelty for Sport an essay by Frank Deford

Morning Edition, August 8, 2007 · "There has been some muted protest that Michael Vick has been suspended too precipitously by the National Football League and unfairly stripped of his rich endorsements, before the indictments against him for dogfighting and dog-killing could be settled in court.

However, given the heinous charges against Vick, it is difficult to imagine any public company — yours, for example? — that would blithely keep such an employee till the government had gotten round to working things out with him.

The presumption of innocence may be one of the most hallowed tenets of our justice system. But let's face it, in an informed society — most especially where details are well publicized — citizens of good will will arrive at their own conclusions. Sometimes, of course, these assumptions will run wild. In sport, we have no further to look than the notorious Duke lacrosse case. But, then, as the presumption of innocence is a final safeguard, the presumption of shame is a precipitate reality that public figures must take into account when they choose to misbehave.

And Vick's infamy has at least put the spotlight on the loathsome business of dog-fighting. Who knew that the Humane Society estimates that there are as many as 40,000 Americans who fight dogs? And there are, too, other animal torture amusements in this country that, lacking a celebrity to spotlight them, actually remain legal in many states.

For example, are you familiar with something called "canned hunting?" This is fun for that greatest of oxymorons — sportsmen. These are hunters who go to what are called, yes, "shooting preserves." There, animals are conveniently penned in for paying customers with a "no-kill, no-pay" guarantee, so they can be "sure shot" at close range. Fish in a barrel. Many of the technically wild animals are actually semi-tame, used to humans who feed them. They see a truck approaching, they think it's the feed wagon, they come closer, and the paying sportsman blasts away.

Only about half our states have any restrictions against canned hunting. There are about 1,000 shooting preserves in the U.S. — 500 alone in the great state of Texas.

Or, if you're a sportsman too busy to actually leave your comfortable home to kill a defenseless animal, Internet hunting is just for you. It's easy. You go online and are connected to a shooting preserve that may be hundreds of miles away, where you see your prey before you. You zero in on the target on your computer screen and touch a button that activates a gun that blows away the unsuspecting, docile animal. The trophy head will be shipped to you, you brave, big-game hunter, for display on your wall.

Sixteen states have no strictures against Internet hunting. One of them is the great state of Georgia, where so many citizens have been upset that the accused dog-slaughterer Vick plays for their Atlanta Falcons.

I'm personally revulsed by Michael Vick, but the sad fact is that, in the animal-cruelty business, he shares company with a lot of other distinguished American sportsmen."

To listen to Frank Deford's essay, "Beyond Vick: Animal Cruelty for Sport" visit: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=12568999

If you agree with Mr. Deford's comments, let him know. Frank Deford's "Sweetness and Light" column takes comments at: http://www.npr.org/templates/contact/index.php?columnId=4499275

Saturday, August 04, 2007

Urgent Action Needed for Kangaroos in California

Senate Bill 880, a bill that would allow the sale of kangaroo skins and body parts in the state of California, is sailing through the legislative process. Sadly, it has now passed the Assembly Water, Parks and Wildlife Committee and moves to the Assembly for a floor vote. This means that the kangaroos still need your help. So even if you have already taken action on this issue, please take this opportunity to speak out one more time in opposition to SB 880.

If this bill passes it would erase a law that was implemented in 1970 to protect kangaroos by prohibiting the sale of their skins. A similar bill passed the legislature last session that reversed this protection for alligators, allowing their skins to be sold in California. It is important that the same fate does not befall the kangaroos.

Remind Your State Legislator of these Kangaroo Facts:
Kangaroos are not farmed. They are taken from the wild in Australia, and exist only in Australia.

Kangaroos are shot at night by hunters. Hunters are not always able to distinguish between kangaroos who are "approved" to be killed and others who are endangered. In Queensland, Australia, the Western Grey Kangaroo is not allowed to be killed, but it can be mistaken for the Eastern Grey that is allowed to be hunted.

The existing law that would be changed by this bill was made to protect certain "look-alike" species, so that Californians do not unwittingly contribute to the extinction of a species.

If a kangaroo that is killed is a mother with a baby in her pouch, the baby is taken out and killed by a heavy blow to the head (according to the Australian Code of Practice). Similar methods are used in Canada's seal hunt; both California and Federal laws prohibit the sale of seal products from Canada because of the cruel killing methods used.

According to official Australian government statistics, kangaroo populations continue to decline and are now the lowest they have been in over a decade. Current populations are well below half of what they were in 2001. (Source: Sustainable Wildlife Industries, Dept of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra, 2006). Reintroduction of the trade in kangaroo skins into California would be disastrous, as there are already too few kangaroos to meet the industry's demands.

SB 880 recently was modified (amended) in a way that appears at first glance to place a maximum limit on the number of kangaroos that could be killed in a given year. However, the new wording does not provide any real protection and, in reality, could allow kangaroos to be killed in even greater numbers to supply soccer cleats to Californians.

For more information on SB 880 vistit these sites: